In my previous article on Business Connectivity Services (BCS) in SharePoint 2010, I have walked you through to learn how to use Sharepoint Server 2010 Business Connectivity Services(BCS) feature to access external business data from Microsoft SQL Server 2008 database.

Sometime it may happen that your external list worked well on development server but when you deploy it to production server, Surprisingly it do not work.

Most common cause is that BCS has throttled an external system call for taking too long, or trying to transfer too much data. If you have logging turned on for Business Connectivity Services in Central Administration -> Monitoring -> Diagnostic Logging you will see errors similar to this in your Sharepoint Logs:

Error while executing web part: Microsoft.BusinessData.Runtime.ExceededLimitException: Database Connector has throttled the response. The response from database contains more than ’2000′ rows. The maximum number of rows that can be read through Database Connector is ’2000′.

Defaul throttling is set to 2000 rows. By default this feature is enabled in SharePoint 2010 to deny access of Service attacks that could adversely affect SharePoint or external system health by performing huge transactions. But the better part is that you can change the limit or disable them as per your business needs. Remember that this is a farm level setting.

You can change these throttle limits using the following powershell script:

$bdcProxy = Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy | where {$_.GetType().FullName -eq ('Microsoft.SharePoint.BusinessData.SharedService.' + 'BdcServiceApplicationProxy')}

To view a rule, run the following command:

$dbRule = Get-SPBusinessDataCatalogThrottleConfig -Scope Database -ThrottleType Items -ServiceApplicationProxy $bdcProxy

Use $dbRule to view throttling rules. This handle will maintain only the fetched copy. If you do anything to change a throttling rule, you should re-fetch it from BCS using the above script to be sure that you have the latest copy.

To view the $dbRule by itself just type $dbrule, you’ll see something like this:

Scope: Database
ThrottleType: Items
Enforced: True
Default : 2000
Max: 1000000

You can change it using a command like any of these examples:

Set-SPBusinessDataCatalogThrottleConfig -Identity $dbRule -Maximum 1000000 -Default 3000
#Default and Maximum must be provided together. This increases the limit for external lists to 3000.

#This disables a throttling rule.
Set-SPBusinessDataCatalogThrottleConfig -Identity $dbRule -Enforced:$false

#This enables a throttling rule.
Set-SPBusinessDataCatalogThrottleConfig -Identity $dbRule -Enforced:$true

Now if you type $dbRule, you won’t see the changes reflected. You should re-fetch the rule using Get-SPBusinessDataCatalogThrottleConfig and try again to view $dbrule but it may take a few minutes for them to be reflected in external lists and other runtime scenarios.

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Posted by: Kamal Verma  Posted Date :25-Feb-16


Posted by: Ashu   Posted Date :05-Dec-13

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